Convergence of various national humanist parties into an organization without authority concerning the tactics of each individual member. The First H.I. was held in Florence, Italy on January 7, 1989. On that occasion the Doctrinal Theses, Declaration of Principles, Bases of Political Action and Bylaws were approved. In addition, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights approved by the United Nations in 1948 was adopted. The Second H.I. was held in Moscow on October 8, 1993, at which time the Humanist Statement (Humanist Statement) was presented as the ideological basis of International Humanism.