Radically distinguished from the concept of globalization. The latter corresponds to the trend toward imposing a worldwide homogeneity, driven by imperialism, the financial interests, and international banking interests. Globalization is advancing at the expense of diversity and the autonomy of nation states, and at the expense of the identity of cultures and subcultures. Those who preach globalization seek to establish a worldwide system (*New Order) based on an ostensibly “free” market economy. N.H., in contrast, gives its backing to p., the process in which the different cultures move toward convergence, without, however, losing their own ways of life or identities. The process of p. can pass through stages that include national federations and federative regionalization, ultimately approaching a model that is a multi-ethnic, multicultural and multi-faith confederation – a universal human nation.