(From secure and this from L. securum, free from danger and risk). Broadly, the whole system of guarantees that protects human rights, above all the right to life; maintenance of social stability; prevention of social disasters and violent disturbances; defense of national sovereignty; fulfillment of international obligations. There are several kinds of s., including environmental, economic, social, civil, national, international, etc. S. is one of the principal means for realizing political sovereignty, which serves the interests of each person and of society as a whole, and of the entire country in its relations with other countries and the international community. S. includes peace and the stable and progressive development of the personality and society. Despotic, totalitarian and authoritarian regimes twist the meaning of s., giving it an opposite sense – to conserve the status quo by any means. This is expressed in the misleadingly termed “national doctrine,” which has attempted to justify crimes and violations of human rights by artificially setting them against supposed demands of national sovereignty. Those who preach the “doctrine of national s.” have employed this slogan to hide the interests of the dominant groups, while inciting prejudice, xenophobia and militarism. For this reason, N.H. has rejected and continues to reject the repressive concept of national s. at the service of dictatorships.