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(OFr ‘choix.’, meaning ‘choice’) [Option: L. optionem: liberty or faculty to choose]. 1) Related to the human capacity to make free decisions with knowledge of the circumstances, the goals for action and appropriate means for achieving them. Reflects the degree of freedom or liberty of human beings and of the society to which they belong. Accordingly, it determines the authenticity or falseness of an action. N.H. contributes to the development of practical life habits that allow making and implementing choices among options in a conscious manner, independent of external pressures. 2) System of political and social laws introduced by the Humanist Party in a number of countries (plebiscitary c., optional military service, women’s reproductive c.; sexual c., etc.). 3) Right to a craft or trade.