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Social system in which there are no economic divisions, but an approximation to a classless society with the means of production under the control of society. There are socialist schools of the most diverse kinds. Around 1848 with L. Blanc, s. emerged as a political power in Europe, but the influence of Marx (*Marxism-Leninism) set s. on a different path of class struggle and revolution. In Europe, different social democratic parties have emerged, such as the British Labor party, that believe it is possible to achieve s. without revolution.