1. Process of electing; appointment to a position or office through a process of voting; essential democratic process for establishing an institution, filling a public office, or forming bodies that hold powers delegated by each citizen or member of the association. There are different kinds of electoral systems; for example, proportional representation in which the candidate in an electoral area who obtains an absolute or relative majority of votes wins the election. Elections can be general, or limited to one part of the electorate; by secret ballot or open election, or by acclamation; direct or indirect. In monitoring elections it is important for official representatives of all parties or groups presenting candidates as well as neutral observers to take part. 2) Decision made in front of two or more options. The possibility of e. reveals the degree of liberty in human actions. For N.H., all e. is always in front of a set of conditions; that’s why we should speak of liberty in a particular situation rather than in abstract terms. The act of eluding or postponing an e. is also an e.